Name of CompanyUganda Coffee Development Authority (UCDA)
Who we areUCDA is a statutory body established by an Act of Parliament; Uganda Coffee Development Authority Statute 1991 as amended 1994 CAP 325 under the laws of the Republic of Uganda. We are a Government agency mandated to promote and oversee the development of the entire coffee industry through research, quality assurance and improved marketing
VisionVision “A sustainable coffee industry with high stakeholder value for social economic transformation”
Mission“To facilitate increase in quality coffee production, productivity, and consumption”
Areas of FocusThe Authority’s focus is to facilitate increase in quality coffee production, productivity, and consumption working with stakeholders who include; Farmers, nursery operators, processors, exporters and Coffee traders. UCDA is mainly a service provider and the services availed to its stakeholders include;
• Provision of clean planting materials
• Farmer, barista, processor and roaster trainings
• Market research and Information dissemination to stakeholders
• Quality improvement and enforcement
• Support to coffee research
• Promote domestic consumption of coffee
Our ScopeThe Authority offers a broad range of coffee development services to 93 coffee growing districts structured into five geographical regions: Central, Northern, Eastern, Western and South Western targeting 1.7million households.
Our Products and ServicesCoffee Development Services aims at increasing coffee production through generation of clean planting material, promotion of the re-planting program and yield improvements of existing old coffee trees, enhance use of Good Agricultural Practices, support to management of pest and diseases and use of agro-inputs and promote coffee growing in new areas, especially in Mid-Northern Uganda.
Quality Assurance and Regulation services aims at improving quality at all stages of the coffee value chain. This include quality improvement and assurance, training and skills development of the industry stakeholders;
• issuance of certificates for the grade and quantity of coffee,
• licensing of coffee roasters, processors and exporters,
• Certification of coffee exports
• Training on barista skills, Good Post-harvest Handling hygiene practices
• Basic Quality Control training
• Train and certify Q and R graders
• Development of Coffee Profiles
Value Addition Services include:
• Technical extension and demonstrations
• Processing standards and capacity building industry stakeholders
• Develop the coffee roasting industry
• Support production and certification schemes for sustainable, fine and specialty coffee
• Traceability of coffee
• Quality Control related research
• Promote technological design and trials as well as introduce improved processing technologies
Generic Promotion services
• Showcasing Ugandan Coffee in International Events and Specialty Coffee Associations Exhibitions
• Facilitating Business to Business Meetings
• Showcasing Ugandan Coffee in local trade fairs and exhibitions
• Promotion of Domestic Consumption thorough Coffee on the road Shows, Barista Championships and Taste of Harvest Competitions.
Market Research and Development Services: UCDA undertakes market research both on the local market and the global market availing her stakeholders with information both on a daily and monthly basis through production of both daily and monthly market reports. Market Research and Development services aim at increasing coffee sector player’s access to market information and to increase volumes of coffee exported to new markets
Who we TargetOur services is accessed by farmers, processors, roasters, exporters, traders, students, coffee consumers, agro-input dealers, government and Civil Society Organizations
Number of Coffee Growing Districts• 93 Districts, Robusta, 50; Arabica, 28 Districts
• 15 districts grow both Robusta and Arabica
• 1.7 million households grow coffee
Plant Population• Robust, 1100/ha OR 450/acre
• Arabica, 1640/ha OR 660/acre
• Avg. coffee farm size: 0.18 hectares
Coffee Trees under Production• 330 million trees (Robusta, 240,000; Arabica, 40,244)
• Annual production: ~200,000 tons (10th globally)
Seedlings Costs• Elites, UGX 350
• Clonal cuttings, UGX 1000
• Tissue culture, UGX 1,500
Coffee Spacing• Robusta, 3 m x 3 m OR 10 ft x 10 ft
• Arabica, 2.4 m x 2.4 m OR 8 ft x 8 ft
Plant Holes• Robusta, 2ft wide X 2ft long by 2ft deep
Shade Trees• Permanent Shade spacing 40ft X 40ft
Cost of Establishing a Nursery Bed• 20,000,000 Capacity: UGX 3.1 million (unit cost, 157/=)
• 50,000,000 Capacity: UGX 7 million (unit cost, 152/=)
Cost of Establishing a Coffee Garden (Ha)• Robusta, UGX 2.8 million
• Arabica, UGX 3.6 million
Cost of Rehabilitating a Coffee Garden (ha)• UGX 3.4 million
Yield per tree/hectare by coffee type (Green coffee• Robusta - 0.55kg to 1.1kg/tree (600kg/ha to 1,200kg/ha)
• Arabica – 0.31kg/tree to 1kg/tree (500kg/ha to 1,600kg/ha
• Avg. yield: 120 kg green/farmer
Water Requirement (Irrigation per tree/Ha)• 1,650 liters per tree per during the dry season (1.65 cubic meters of water)
• 1,815 cubic meters of water per hectare during dry season
Fertilizer Requirement and Cost• Compound fertilizer (NPK): 500 g per tree per year
• Robusta – 562.5kg/hectare/year = UGX 1,687,500/=
• Arabica – 750kg/hectare/year = UGX 2,250,000/=
• Farmyard Manure, 10kg per tree each 2 years, Trip = UGX 200,000/=
Domestic Consumption• 220,800 (60 Kg Bags)
• Per capita consumption, 0.38 kg
Roasters• 11 Roasters
• 20 Ugandan coffee brands on the supermarket shelves
• The cost of roasting coffee per kilo is UGX 2,500
Exporters CY 2014/15• 54 registered companies
• 34 Export Grading Plants
• 363 Hulleries
• 2% of Uganda’s exports are verified or certified “sustainable” below the global average of 8%.
• Farmer receives ~75% of export (FOB) price
• 15% of export earnings derived from coffee
• Coffee represents less than 20% of the average family plot, but provides over 50% of cash income in an average year.
• Uganda accounts for 7% of global Robusta exports
Transportation Cost• The cost of transporting coffee from Kampala to Mombasa UGX 6 million (UGX 320/kg) Or US$ 1,760 (0.09/kg)
• A 20 ft container loads 320 60-kilo bags
Global Coffee Facts• Production, 141.7 million bags in crop year 2014/15
• Consumption, 149.2 million bags in 2014
• Demand, 25 – 45 million extra bags by 2025
• Coffee exporting is a $20 billion dollar industry
Coffee Plantings FY 2014/15REGION SEEDLINGS HHLDS
CENTRAL 28,094,479 132,972
EASTERN 13,856,700 82,441
NORTHERN 1,555,771 6,699
WESTERN 28,212,733 133,564
SOUTH WESTERN 14,802,356 79,798
TOTAL 86,522,039 435,474
Contacts and AddressesCoffee House
Plot 35 Jinja Road
P.O Box 7267, Kampala
Tel: +256-414-233073; +256-0312-260470/1